The Colosseum is a historical heritage in the form of the gladiatorial arena, built by Vespasian. Great venue called elliptical amphitheater or by its original name Flavian Amphitheatre, which includes one of the Six-Nine Wonders of the Medieval World. The site is located in a small town in Italy, Rome, which was founded by the mayor at the time of Domitian, Vespasian and completed by his son Titus, and became one of the greatest works of Roman Empire architecture ever built. Colosseum designed to accommodate 50,000 spectators.
In the Colosseum at the time was the venue for a spectacular show, a fight between animals (venetaiones), the fight between the prisoners and the animals, the execution of prisoners (noxii), water fight (naumachiae) by flooding the arena, and the fight between gladiators (munera ).
Name of the Colosseum as in the above is taken from the name of a statue as high as 130 feet or 40 m, Colossus. Colossus statue remade as a replacement for Nero as the parable of the sun god Sol, by adding crown sun. In the mid-year period, sculpture colossus has disappeared. An expert said that since the statue was made of bronze, the statue was melted down for reuse.
In addition taken from the name of the Colosseum, the Colosseum also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre that is not known who gave the name of it. In Italy, the Coliseum was named il colosseo but other Roman languages using the name Le Colisee and el coliseo to mention the Colosseum.
The Coliseum is still used until the year 217, although it has been damaged due to being struck by lightning fires. The Coliseum has been repaired in the year 238 and gladiatorial games continued until Christians gradually stop the game because there are too many casualties.
The building was used to store various types of animals to the year to 524. Two earthquakes in 442 and 508 caused severe damage to the building. In the Middle Ages, the Colosseum was very badly damaged by the earthquake again that in the year 847 and 1349 and used as a fortress and a church also established there.